Survey – Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Survey may refer to:

Statistics and human research[edit]

Spatial measurement[edit]

  • Surveying, the technique and science of measuring positions and distances on Earth

Types and methods[edit]

  • Photogrammetry, a method of collecting information using aerial photography and satellite images
  • Cadastral surveyor, used to document land ownership, by the production of documents, diagrams, plats, and maps
    • Dominion Land Survey, the method used to divide most of Western Canada into one-square-mile sections for agricultural and other purposes
    • Public Land Survey System, a method used in the United States to survey and identify land parcels
    • Survey township, a square unit of land, six miles (~9.7 km) on a side, done by the U.S. Public Land Survey System
  • Construction surveying, the locating of structures relative to a reference line, used in the construction of buildings, roads, mines, and tunnels
  • Deviation survey, used in the oil industry to measure a borehole’s departure from the vertical
  • Archaeological field survey, the collection of information by archaeologists prior to excavation

Geospatial survey organizations[edit]

Geological surveys[edit]

  • Geological survey, an investigation of the subsurface of the ground to create a geological map or model


  • Cave survey, the three-dimensional mapping of caverns
  • Geophysical survey, the systematic collection of geophysical data for spatial studies
  • Hydrographic survey, the gathering of information about navigable waters for the purposes of safe navigation of vessels
  • Soil survey, the mapping of the properties and varieties of soil in a given area

Geological survey organizations[edit]

Astronomical surveys[edit]

  • Astronomical survey, imaging or mapping regions of the sky
    • Durchmusterung, a German word for a systematic survey of objects or data, generally used in astronomy
    • Redshift survey, an astronomical survey of a section of the sky to calculate the distance of objects from Earth

Other types of survey[edit]

See also[edit]

Topics referred to by the same term

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